Kwinto Coins
  "Alea iacta est - Kosci zostaly rzucone"
                                                                      Julius Ceasar
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Greece (Black Sea Region):
   North - West Black Sea:
    1. Sarmatia:
       Isle of Berezan
          * Olbia
            * Tyra
                2. Thrace - Black Sea:
                           * Istros
                             * Odessos
Sarmatia:
Isle of Berezan:
Arrow/leaf -money 630-480 BC
Æ 35mm, 3.10g
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.26., no.20
Æ 23mm, 2.25g Cut in half
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.26, no.25?
Æ 31mm, 3.34g. variant
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.27, no.28?
Æ 26mm, 1.51g.
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.27, no.30 (variant)
Æ 26mm, 2.31g.
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.27, no.30
(variant)
Olbia:
Olbia. 550-500 BC. Æ 33mm x 14mm. 2.81g. Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 6A, SNG BA 366
Olbia. 550-500 BC. Æ 38mm x 13mm. 2.56g. Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 6Γ
Olbia. 440-410 BC. Æ 1/5 Obol 29mm x 10mm, 2.7g Cast Dolphin Rev: APIXO (O cut offRef: Nieczitajlo 66
Olbia. 440-410 BC. Æ 1/5 Obol 40mm x 10mm, 3.30g Cast Dolphin Rev: APIXO Ref: Nieczitajlo 65
Olbia. 410-400 BC. Æ 1/10 Obol 23mm x 8mm, 1.34g Cast Dolphin Rev: ΘΥ Ref: Nieczitajlo 86Б
Olbia. 410-400 BC. Æ 1/10 Obol 27mm x 8mm, 1.50g  Cast Dolphin Rev: ΘΥ  Ref: Nieczitajlo 88
Olbia. 550-500 BC. Æ 23mm x 10mm, 1.75g Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 11B
Olbia. 410-400 BC. Æ 1/10 Obol 22mm x 8mm, 1.20g Cast Dolphin Rev: Ref: Nieczitajlo 90
Olbia. 440-360 BC. Æ 19mm x 7mm, 0.8g Cast Dolphin
                     Ref: Nieczitajlo 13B
Olbia. 440-360 BC. Æ 22mm x 9mm, 2.32g Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 17B
Olbia. 440-360 BC. Æ 25mm x 8mm, 1.60g  Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 13E
Olbia. 550-500 BC. Æ 29mm x 10mm, 2.12g CastDolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 8E or 8Ж
  Olbia. 520-440 BC. Æ 33mm x 10mm, 2.00g  Cast Dolphin
                               Ref: Nieczitajlo 9Б
Tyra:
Istros:
Thrace - Black Sea:
Odessos:
Olbia. 400-370 BC. Æ Dichalk 18mm, 3.49g. Obv: Head of Demeter left. Rev: OΛBIO above, eagle on dolphin right. Ref: Nieczitajlo 97
Olbia. 400-370 BC. Æ Chalk 13mm, 2.31g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO above, dolphin and ear of barley right. Ref: Nieczitajlo 131 (variant #1 - barley ear to the right)
Olbia. 400-370 BC. Æ Chalk 14mm, 2.3g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO above, Dolphin and ear of barley left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 131 (variant #2 - barley ear to the left)
Olbia. 380-360 BC. Æ 8mm, 0.47g. Obv: Head of Demeter right Rev: OΛBIO, ear of barley left, dolphin left Ref: Nieczitajlo 132
Olbia. 370-360 BC. Æ Dichalk. 18mm, 5.27g. Obv: Head of Tyche in crown left Rev: OΛBIO ΣΩΣTRA, kneeling bower. Ref: Nieczitajlo 151
Olbia. 370-360 BC. Æ Dichalk. 17mm, 4.9g. Obv: Head of Tyche in crown left Rev: OΛBIO ΣOИ, kneeling bower. Ref: Nieczitajlo 153
Olbia. 370-360 BC. Æ Chalk. 11mm, 1.80g. Obv: Head of Tyche in crown left Rev: OΛBIO, kneeling bower. Ref: Nieczitajlo ?
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 12mm, 1.50g. Obv: Head of Demeter left. Rev: OΛBIO below dolphin, Ear of barley over dolphin. Ref: Nieczitajlo 217
Olbia. 330-320 BC. Æ 13mm, 1.54g. Obv: Head of Demeter left. Rev: OΛBIO below dolphin, Eagle on dolphin left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 219
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 10mm, 0.52g. Obv: Head of Apollo right. Rev: OIBΛO (retrograde), dolphin left, seed, bow, branch, arrow above the seed. Ref: Unlisted variant
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 8mm, 0.44g. Obv: Head of Apollo right. Rev: OΛBIO, dolphin left, seed above. Ref: Nieczitajlo 239
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 9mm, 0.37g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OIBΛO (retrograde), dolphin right, seed above. Ref: Nieczitajlo 242
Olbia. 330-300 BC. Æ Dichalk. 24mm, 10.78g. Obv: River god  Borysthenes Rev: OΛBIO, monogram, axe-scepter and bowcase. Ref: SNG BM Vol: IX 455, Anokhin 133
Olbia. 275-250 BC. Æ Dichalk. 19mm, 7.02g. Obv: River god Borysthenes. Rev: OΛBIO, MB (dots), axe-scepter and bowcase. Ref: SNG BM Vol: IX 528, Anokhin 210
Olbia. 260-250 BC. Æ Chalk 13mm, 2.0g. Obv: Head of Apollo right. Rev: OΛBIO, bowcase above. Ref: Nieczitajlo 377
Olbia. 250-240 BC. Æ 21mm, 6.4g. Obv: Head of Heracles left. Rev: OΛBIO, ΠEE, K bowcase and club. Ref: Nieczitajlo 390
Olbia. 240-220 BC. Æ 20mm, 7.7g. Obv: Head of Demeter left, Counter mark - head of Athena left. Rev: OΛBIO, EY, axe-scepter and bowcase Ref: Nieczitajlo 402
Olbia. 220-210 BC. Æ left- 23mm, 6.35g ; right-23mm,9.12g Obv: Helios facing. Rev: OΛ, Two horse foreparts conjoined. Ref: Anokhin 255, Nieczitajlo 415(struck on the Demeter/axe-scepter coin)
Olbia. 200-180 BC. Æ 18mm, 4.20g. Obv: Head of Apollo right, Countermark head of Athena facing down. Rev: OΛBIO, EI/B/A/EI/PI, Lyre. Ref: Nieczitajlo 470
Olbia. 180-150 BC. Æ Tetrachalk 17mm, 7.1g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO, BΣE below dolphin, eagle on dolphin left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 533
Olbia. 180-150 BC. Æ Tetrachalk 17mm, 4.55g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO, eagle on dolphin left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 539
Olbia. 180-150 BC. Æ Tetrachalk  18mm, 7.15g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO, BΣE below dolphin, eagle on dolphin right. Ref: Nieczitajlo 540
Olbia. 180-150 BC. Æ Tetrachalk 20mm, 8.30g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Countermark Head of Helios Rev: OΛBIO, BΣE eagle on dolphin left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 542
Olbia. 170-130 BC. Æ 13mm, 3.80g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO, BΣE, Quiver and bow. Ref: Nieczitajlo 544
Olbia. 52-53 AD. Æ 18mm, 3.06g. Obv: Head of Zeus right, Rev: OΛBIO ΠOΛEITEΩN, Z, monogram, Eagle to the left Ref: Nieczitajlo 609
Olbia. 52-53 AD. Æ 18mm, 4.62g. Obv: Head of Zeus right, Countermark caduceus Rev: OΛBIO ΠOΛEITEΩN, Eagle left Ref: Nieczitajlo 608
Olbia. 72-75 AD. Æ 21mm, 4.16g. Obv: OΛBIOΠO ΛEI, Head of Apollo right, Countermarks caduceus, Δ Rev: IEP  ΘEOB, Eagle right, X monogram Ref: Nieczitajlo 642
Olbia. 72-75 AD. Æ 23mm, 4.51g. Obv: OΛBIOΠO ΛEI, Head of Apollo right, Countermarks caduceus, A, Δ Rev: IEP  ΘEOB, Eagle right, X monogram Ref: Nieczitajlo 643
Olbia. 75-80 AD. Æ 21mm, 6.53g. Obv: OΛBIO ΠOΛEI, Head of Apollo right, Countermark caduceus Rev: TΦCω ΠA, Eagle right, monogram. Ref: Nieczitajlo 657
Olbia. 170- 180 AD. Æ Assarion. 18mm, 2.70g. Obv: OΛBIOΠO, Head of Apollo right. Rev:ΔAΔOC CAT, Lyre. Ref: Anokhin 383, Nieczitajlo 704
Olbia. 100- 110 AD. Æ Tetrassarion 26mm, 14.21g. Obv: Worn, Countermark B Rev: Worn. Ref: Nieczitajlo 679
Tyra (under Romans). around 146 AD. Æ Trihemiassarion 18mm, 2.53g. Obv: BHPICCIMOKAICAP, bare head of Marcus Aurelius right. Rev: TY PA NΩN, Athena standing left, holding patera, shield and spear. Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.53, no.152, SNG Vol: XI 916
Tyra (under Romans). around 146 AD. Æ Assarion 16mm, 2.02g. Obv: AVTANTΩNЄINONCЄB, bare head of Antoninus Pius right. Rev: TYPA N ΩN, nude Heracles standing, holding club and lion skin. Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.54, no.154, SNG Vol: XI 914 
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 13mm, 1.1g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel. Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 45
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ left-10mm, 0.71g; right-9mm, 0.80g Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 46
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 13mm, 1.21g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel. Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 48
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 12mm, 0.8g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel. Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 49
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 12mm, 1.1g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel. Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 50
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 13mm, 0.8g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel. Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 58
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 13mm, 1.4g. Obv: Blank Rev: Wheel Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 59
Istros. 400-350 BC. AR Stater. 18mm, 5.09g. Obv: Two male head facing side by side, one inverted. Rev: IΣTPIH, sea eagle, dolphin, ΓA. Ref: Sear(GC) 1669
Istros. 350-300 BC. Æ 15mm, 1.70g. Obv: Helios radiate facing. Rev: IΣTPI, sea eagle wings opened on dolphin. Ref: SNG 194
Odessos. 200 BC. Æ 14mm, 3.41g. Obv: Laureate head  of Apollo right. Rev: OΔHΣITΩN, The Great god reclining, left, holding phiale and cornucopiae. Ref: Sear(GC) 1680 (original photo by AAH)
Odessos. After 200 BC. Æ 22mm, 6.93g. Obv: Laureate head  of the Great God right. Rev: EΛ, OΔHΣITΩN, horseman. Ref: Sear(GC) 1679
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 12mm, 0.79g. Obv: Head of Apollo right Rev: OΛBIO, dolphin left, seed and bow above. Ref: Nieczitajlo 225
monogram
monogram
Greece (Black Sea Region):
    North - East Black Sea:
      * Phanagoreia
        *  Gorgippia
    * Crimea\Taurica:
         *  Chersonesos
             *  Theodosia
* Kolchis: Dioskourias
  * Sarmatians (or Goths of Crimea)
North - West Black Sea:
North - East Black Sea:
Phanagoreia:
Gorgippia:
Crimea / Taurica:
Theodosia:
Chersonesos:
Kolchis (Dioskourias):
Sarmatians (or Goths of Crimea):
Phanagoreia. 400 BC AR Diobol 11mm, 1.56g. Obv: Head of young Kabeiros in a conical cap left Rev: ΦA bull left, grain to the right Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 78
Phanagoreia (?). ?? BC Æ 10mm, 1.01g. Obv: Head of Hera or Tyche in crown right Rev: ΦA(?) below, bow and arrow above. Ref: Unlisted type(?)
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ 12mm, 1.30g. Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath  right Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 147 (variant #1- Satyr's head with big beard & arrow on reverse, right)
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ 11mm, 2.10g. Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath right. Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 86') 147(variant #2 - Satyr's head with small beard & arrow on reverse, right)
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC  Æ left-12mm,1.69g right- 14mm, 2.50g Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath right Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 86') 147 (variant #2 - Satyr's head with small beard & arrow on reverse, right)
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ left-11mm,1.90g; right-12mm,1.80g Obv: Head of Satyr in ivy wreath right. Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Struck on Pantikap. Apollo/Bow Case (Anoknin 169) Ref: Anokhin (Bospor. 1986)147 variant #2
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ 13mm, 2.00g Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath right. Struck on Pantikapaion Apollo/Bow Case (Anoknin Bosporus 1986 - #169) Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow left Ref: (variant #3 - arrow to the left) Unlisted variant
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ 14mm,1.90g Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath left Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Ref: (variant #4 - Satyr's head with small beard left) Unlisted variant
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ left-13mm,2.84g ; right-13mm,2.30g Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath right Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow (end in a form of caduceus) right. Ref:(variant #5 - Satyr's head with big beard & arrow end in the form of caduceus) Unlisted variant
Phanagoreia. 130-125 BC Æ 11mm, 2.00g. Obv: Head of Dionysus right. Rev: ΦA, branch of grapes. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 177
Phanagoreia. 109-100 BC (7-th series). Æ left-23mm, 6.41g; right-23mm, 6.89g Obv: Head of Arthemis right, hair tied in bunch behind. Rev: ΦANAΓOPITΩN, stag seated. Ref: Sear (GC) 3616, Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 194
Phanagoreia. 105-90 century BC AR Drachm 16mm, 3.10g. Obv: Laureate bust of Apollo right. Rev: ΦANAΓOPITΩN, Thyrsos Ref: MacDonald 173
Phanagoreia (as Agrippia). 37-38 AD. Æ 8 Units 21mm, 4.2g. Obv: Bust of Aphrodite Apatura right, draped, wearing head weil. Rev: AΓPIΠΠEΩN, H, prow left. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 323
Gorgippia. 2nd - 1st Century BC(?). Æ 12mm 1.77g. Obv: Head of young Herakles in a lion-skin headdress, right. Rev: ΓΟΡΓΙΩΝ bow in a case, club, tripod below bowcase. Ref: Unlisted type
Gorgippia. 90-80 BC. Æ 29mm, 15.3g Obv: Bust of Menes draped in Phrygian cap with star and crescent at brow and laurel wreath, right. Rev: ΓΟΡΓΙΠΠEΩΝ Dionysos standing left, holding bunch of grapes and thyrsus, panther at its legs to the left, monogram to the right Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 210
Theodosia. 400-380 BC. Æ 10mm, 0.4g. Obv: Head of bull to the right  Rev: 6 rays Star. Ref: Stanislawski (Ancient Coins of the North Coast of the Black Sea) 670
Theodosia. 400-380 BC. Æ 9mm, 0.89g. Obv: Head of bull 3/4 to the right Rev: ΘΕΟΔΕΩ, 6 rays Star. Ref: Unlisted type
Theodosia. 240-220 BC (5-th series). Æ 18mm, 3.53g. Obv: Head of Athena right wearing created Corynthian helmet Rev: ΘEΥ, bow in case with quiver, club. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 137
Chersonesos. 100 -75 BC. Æ 17mm, 3.26g. Obv: Head of Apollo right. Rev: XEP, grazing stag, monogram Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 194
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 19mm, 2.14g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, rays behind head, zigzag at the front, dots around the edge. Rev: X low left field, O right upper field, warrior standing left, holding a spear, head with two dots as eyes with crescent to the left, crescents around the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 193 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 17mm,1.80g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crecents, three horizotal lines at the center, front of the face in the form of zigzag with one dot representing eye, row of three dots above head, rays ending with dotrs behind head Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side (worn), crescents around the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 436 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 16mm,1.20g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, crescents around middle part, rays around Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, arc with bends to the left and right above head, dots above arc (?), dots and crescents around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - warrior right, dots and crescents on reverse - similar to Kleshchinov 474 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Dioskourias. 1-st century BC. Æ 16mm, 3.77g. Obv: Two caps of the Dioskouroi surmounted by stars. Rev: ΔI-OΣ KOY-PIA Δ-OΣ, thyrsos. Ref: Sear 3629, SNG BM Black Sea 1021
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 18mm, 1.60g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman Emperor with beard (in form of dots) facing right within zigzag, hair in form of crescents, cross below, dots around the edge Rev: X upper field, X lower field on both sides of warrior standing left, holding a spear, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog - crescents on reverse - similar to Kleshchinov 240 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm, 2.14g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, rays ending with dots around headRev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, crescents and dots eround the edge Ref: Kleshchinov 397 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 18mm, 1.92g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor (three lines in the middle) with beard facing right, rays behind head, zigzag at the front and bottom of the face, dots arond the edge. Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 142 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit. 18mm, 2.61g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor (three lines in the middle) with beard facing right, rays with few crescents above the head (barely visible) behind head, not well defined zigzag at the front of the face Rev: O O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Unlisted variant Æ Unit - Kleshchinov 139 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm,1.48g Obv: Cross in a circle, horizontal arm ending with dots, two dots below, rays ending with dots around Rev: O in lower field on left side of warrior with bent legs right holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 494 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 175-200 AD (2-nd series). AR Unit. 17mm, 1.06g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, hair in form of crescents, head not laureate, rays behind head, crescents with elongated ends on the edge pointing away from head Rev: Warrior standing left, holding a spear, zig-zag in front and above warrior, XXX (three crosses) above warrior's head, short lines on the edge Ref: Not listed in Kleshchinov catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit. 19mm, 1.64g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, rays behind head, zigzag at the front of the face and below, dots around the edge. Rev: O low left field X right lower field, warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog - Æ Unit - similar to Kleshchinov 115 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm, 2.04g Obv: Cross at the center, arms ending with dots, dots below and above arms, rays ending with dots around - broken with dots right, left, below and above Rev: O in lower field, warrior standing left holding a spear, crescents around the edge half to the right, half to the left Ref: Kleshchinov 486 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit 18mm, 2.45g Obv: Elements of barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, rays behind hair, dots in the lower r. corner (forming beard and nose?), bigger crescent upper r. with dots in front, zig-zag above head Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior facing, legs bent, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge Ref: Unlisted variant AR Unit - Kleshchinov 342 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit. 18mm, 2.43g. Obv: Elements of barbarized head of Roman Emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, crescents below head, rays behind, dots in front (only two visible, other worn) Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog- similar to Kleshchinov 338 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 17mm, 1.91g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman Emperor with beard (in form of lines) facing right within zigzag, hair in form of crescents, cross below, no dots on the edge? Rev: X lower fieldon both sides of warrior standing left, holding a spear, dots around the edge, something in front of warior crescent/ bow? Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 248 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 17mm, 1.54g Obv: Dots arranged in circlurar shape at the center, rays ending with dots around Rev: O in lower field on both sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, dots around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - obverse similar to Kleshchinov 473, reverse to 478 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-350 AD (?). Æ Unit 22mm, 5.13g Interesting example of unsuccessful attempt to use Pantikapaion base coin 90-80 BC (Anokhin Bosphorus 1986 #202) to overstrike imitation of Roman Denarii. The base coin must have been too thick resulting in a failure. Obv: Still original Pantikapaion coin Rev: Part of the original Pantikapaion coin with traces of warrior holding a spear and either O or one crescent (between 8-10 o'clock)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 18mm, 2.52g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor (four lines in the middle) with beard facing right, rays behind head, zigzag at the front and bottom of the face, dots around the edge. Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head without crescents on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 141 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 17mm,1.86g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, rays around, two dots bottom and in upper field, zigzag in front Rev: O lower left and two dots lower right on sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, dots and crescents around the edge Ref: Kleshchinov 470 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 18mm, 2.19g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, rays ending with dots behind and below head Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge Ref: Kleshchinov 402 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
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Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit. 16mm, 1.22g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right in the form of Rosette (?) circle with dot in the middle, rays behind, dot in front and second dot above (where the hole is) Rev: O with dots inside in the lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, crescents on the edge Ref: Kleshchinov 383 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 18mm, 1.71g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor (three lines in the middle) with beard facing right, rays behind head, zigzag at the front and bottom of the face, dots around the edge. Rev: O lower field (right not well visible- mint issue) on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head without crescents on the sides of the head, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in Kleshchinov catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 19mm, 1.90g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman Emperor (four horizontal lines in the middle) with beard (in form of dots - lower right field, barely visible) facing right, rays up behind and below head Rev: X lower left field, O upper right field, warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents on the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 286 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 175-200 AD (2-nd series). AR Unit. 17mm, 1.06g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, head laureate, crescents behind head Rev: Warrior standing right, holding a spear, crescent and cross on each side below arms, two crescents to the left, to the right and below warior, crescent and dot betwen spear and arm on the left, dots (worn) around the edge (?) Ref: Not listed in Kleshchinov catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm, 2.09g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, one horizontal line at the center, zigzag in front and above the face, rays ending with dotrs behind head Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 439 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 20mm, 1.93g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right (cross at the center, dots around it, dots to the right representing beard ?), rays around ending with dots Rev: Dot and something resembling letter T in lower left field, upside down letter L in lower right field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side and dot above head, dots and crescents around the edge Ref: Kleshchinov 484 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 17mm, 1.42g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, rays behind head, zigzag at the front of the face and below, dots around the edge. Rev: X low left field O right lower field, warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 121 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 21mm,2.56g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor (three horizontal lines in the middle) with beard facing right, rays behind head, zigzag at the front and bottom of the face, dots around the edge. Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing left, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 171 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 16mm, 1.23g Obv: Circle with four dots in the middle, rays ending with dots around Rev: Dot in lower left field, dot and O in lower right field on sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, head with crescent on the left and dot on the right side, dots around the edge (?) Ref: Not listed in the catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm, 2.12g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right (cross at the center, dots around it, dots to the right representing beard ?), rays around ending with dots Rev: X in lower field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side and dot above head, crescents around the edge Ref: Kleshchinov 485 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 17mm, 1.39g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, two vertical lines at the center, rays ending with dotrs behind head Rev: Three dots in lower left field and one dot in lower right field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog (no zigzag in front of the face)- similar to Kleshchinov 466 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 17mm, 1.68g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right in form of rosette made of dots, three dots horizontal at the center, rays above, behind and below, dots in front Rev: O in lower field on both sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, arc with bends to the left and right above head, dots above arc, dots and crescents around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 454 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit 18mm, 1.35g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with dots representing beard and crescents representing hair facing right, vertical line in front of face, rays behind head, crescents at the front and bottom of the face Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, dots between arms and spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in Kleshchinov catalog - similar to Kleshchinov167 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 18mm, 2.54g. Obv: Elements of barbarized head of Roman Emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, three vertical lines at the center, rays in front behind and below, zigzag above head. Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing left, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog- similar to Kleshchinov 310 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 175-200 AD (2-nd series). AR Unit. 17mm, 1.99g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, hair in form of crescents, head laureate, crescents (around head) with elongated ends pointing towards head, dots around edge Rev: Warrior standing right, holding a spear in left arm, arms in form of semicircles, zigzag around warrior, circle or wreath with rays pointing away - under right arm, dots around the edge Ref: Not listed in Kleshchinov catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 200-240 AD (3-rd series). AR Unit. 18mm, 1.51g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, hair in form of crescents, head laureate, crescents (around head) with elongated ends pointing towards head, dots around edge Rev: Warrior standing left, holding a spear, arms in form of semicircles, dot crescent dot below left arm, dot below right arm, dots around the edge Ref: Not listed in Kleshchinov catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). AR Unit 17mm, 1.64g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, rays around the head Rev: O lower left field, cross and two dots lower right field on both sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, crescents and dots around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 415 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 18mm, 1.97g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, two lines at the center under angle, rays ending with dots above behind and below head Rev: OX lower field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear (head with one crescent on each side?), crescents (and dots?) around the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 16mm, 1.30g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman Emperor with beard in form of dots facing right, rays up behind and below head Rev: Warrior standing, legs spread and bent in the knees, lower part of body extended down ending with dot with one crescent on each side, holding a spear, arc with bends to the left and right above head (?). Ref: Not listed in the catalog - obverse Kleshchinov 316, reverse similar to Kleshchinov 315 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 18mm, 1.74g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, two vertical lines at the center, rays ending with dots above behind and below head Rev: dot and X lower field on both sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 450 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm, 2.09g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescent, two vertical lines at the center, rays ending with dots behind, above and below head, two dots in front of the head Rev: O lower left field, X lower right field on sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents and dots around the edge Ref: Kleshchinov 428 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit. 18mm, 1.54g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman Emperor with beard facing right, hair in form of crescents, cross below, zigzag behind and rays in front of head, dots around the edge Rev: Three crescents upper left field, X upper right field on sides of warrior standing left, holding a spear, dots between arms and spear, three dots to side and one dot below right arm, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 17mm,1.77g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, rays ending with dots around Rev: O lower left, Crescent and X lower right field on sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 17mm,1.53g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, crescents around middle part, rays around Rev: O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, arc with bends to the left and right above head, dots above arc, dots around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - warrior right, dots on reverse - similar to Kleshchinov 474 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 18mm, 1.50g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescent, two vertical lines at the center, rays ending with dots behind, above and below head, two dots in front of the head Rev: O lower left, Crescent (?) and X lower right field on sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, only crescents (?) around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog (?) or Kleshchinov 428 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit 18mm, 1.79g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor (three lines in the middle) with beard facing right, rays behind head, crescents at the front of the face. Rev: O and two dots lower left field, O lower right field on sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in Kleshchinov catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 20mm, 2.19g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, two vertical lines at the center, rays ending with dots above behind and below head Rev: one dot lower field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents around the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 442 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 18mm, 2.42g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescent, two vertical lines at the center, rays ending with dots behind, above and below head, two dots in front of the head Rev: dot and O lower left field, dot and X lower right field on sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, one dot above each arm, head with one crescent on each side, crescents and dots around the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 427 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)