Kwinto Coins
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                                                                      Julius Ceasar
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Greece (Black Sea Region):
   North - West Black Sea:
    1. Sarmatia:
       Isle of Berezan
          * Olbia
            * Tyra
                2. Thrace - Black Sea:
                           * Istros
                             * Odessos
Sarmatia:
Isle of Berezan:
Arrow/leaf -money 630-480 BC
Æ 35mm, 3.10g
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.26., no.20
Æ 23mm, 2.25g Cut in half
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.26, no.25?
Æ 31mm, 3.34g. variant
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.27, no.28?
Æ 26mm, 1.51g.
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.27, no.30 (variant)
Æ 26mm, 2.31g.
Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.27, no.30
(variant)
Olbia:
Olbia. 550-500 BC. Æ 33mm x 14mm. 2.81g. Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 6A, SNG BA 366
Olbia. 550-500 BC. Æ 38mm x 13mm. 2.56g. Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 6Γ
Olbia. 440-410 BC. Æ 1/5 Obol 29mm x 10mm, 2.7g Cast Dolphin Rev: APIXO (O cut offRef: Nieczitajlo 66
Olbia. 440-410 BC. Æ 1/5 Obol 40mm x 10mm, 3.30g Cast Dolphin Rev: APIXO Ref: Nieczitajlo 65
Olbia. 410-400 BC. Æ 1/10 Obol 23mm x 8mm, 1.34g Cast Dolphin Rev: ΘΥ Ref: Nieczitajlo 86Б
Olbia. 410-400 BC. Æ 1/10 Obol 27mm x 8mm, 1.50g  Cast Dolphin Rev: ΘΥ  Ref: Nieczitajlo 88
Olbia. 550-500 BC. Æ 23mm x 10mm, 1.75g Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 11B
Olbia. 410-400 BC. Æ 1/10 Obol 22mm x 8mm, 1.20g Cast Dolphin Rev: Ref: Nieczitajlo 90
Olbia. 440-360 BC. Æ 19mm x 7mm, 0.8g Cast Dolphin
                     Ref: Nieczitajlo 13B
Olbia. 440-360 BC. Æ 22mm x 9mm, 2.32g Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 17B
Olbia. 440-360 BC. Æ 25mm x 8mm, 1.60g  Cast Dolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 13E
Olbia. 550-500 BC. Æ 29mm x 10mm, 2.12g CastDolphin Ref: Nieczitajlo 8E or 8Ж
  Olbia. 520-440 BC. Æ 33mm x 10mm, 2.00g  Cast Dolphin
                               Ref: Nieczitajlo 9Б
Tyra:
Istros:
Thrace - Black Sea:
Odessos:
Olbia. 400-370 BC. Æ Dichalk 18mm, 3.49g. Obv: Head of Demeter left. Rev: OΛBIO above, eagle on dolphin right. Ref: Nieczitajlo 97
Olbia. 400-370 BC. Æ Chalk 13mm, 2.31g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO above, dolphin and ear of barley right. Ref: Nieczitajlo 131 (variant #1 - barley ear to the right)
Olbia. 400-370 BC. Æ Chalk 14mm, 2.3g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO above, Dolphin and ear of barley left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 131 (variant #2 - barley ear to the left)
Olbia. 380-360 BC. Æ 8mm, 0.47g. Obv: Head of Demeter right Rev: OΛBIO, ear of barley left, dolphin left Ref: Nieczitajlo 132
Olbia. 370-360 BC. Æ Dichalk. 18mm, 5.27g. Obv: Head of Tyche in crown left Rev: OΛBIO ΣΩΣTRA, kneeling bower. Ref: Nieczitajlo 151
Olbia. 370-360 BC. Æ Dichalk. 17mm, 4.9g. Obv: Head of Tyche in crown left Rev: OΛBIO ΣOИ, kneeling bower. Ref: Nieczitajlo 153
Olbia. 370-360 BC. Æ Chalk. 11mm, 1.80g. Obv: Head of Tyche in crown left Rev: OΛBIO, kneeling bower. Ref: Nieczitajlo ?
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 12mm, 1.50g. Obv: Head of Demeter left.
Rev: OΛBIO below dolphin, Ear of barley over dolphin. Ref: Nieczitajlo 217
Olbia. 330-320 BC. Æ 13mm, 1.54g. Obv: Head of Demeter left.
Rev: OΛBIO below dolphin, Eagle on dolphin left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 219
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 10mm, 0.52g. Obv: Head of Apollo right
Rev: OIBΛO (retrograde), dolphin left, seed, bow, branch, arrow above the seed. Ref: Unlisted variant
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 8mm, 0.44g. Obv: Head of Apollo right
Rev: OΛBIO, dolphin left, seed above. Ref: Nieczitajlo 239
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 9mm, 0.37g. Obv: Head of Demeter right
Rev: OIBΛO (retrograde), dolphin right, seed above. Ref: Nieczitajlo 242
Olbia. 330-300 BC. Æ Dichalk. 24mm, 10.78g. Obv: River god  Borysthenes Rev: OΛBIO, monogram, axe-scepter and bowcase
Ref: SNG BM Vol: IX 455, Anokhin 133
Olbia. 275-250 BC. Æ Dichalk. 19mm, 7.02g. Obv: River god Borysthenes. Rev: OΛBIO, MB (dots), axe-scepter and bowcase
Ref: SNG BM Vol: IX 528, Anokhin 210
Olbia. 260-250 BC. Æ Chalk 13mm, 2.0g. Obv: Head of Apollo right. Rev: OΛBIO, bowcase above. Ref: Nieczitajlo 377
Olbia. 250-240 BC. Æ 21mm, 6.4g. Obv: Head of Heracles left.
Rev: OΛBIO, ΠEE, K bowcase and club. Ref: Nieczitajlo 390
Olbia. 240-220 BC. Æ 20mm, 7.7g. Obv: Head of Demeter left, Counter mark - head of Athena left. Rev: OΛBIO, EY, axe-scepter and bowcase Ref: Nieczitajlo 402
Olbia. 220-210 BC. Æ left- 23mm, 6.35g ; right-23mm,9.12g Obv: Helios facing. Rev: OΛ, Two horse foreparts conjoined. Ref: Anokhin 255, Nieczitajlo 415(struck on the Demeter/axe-scepter coin)
Olbia. 200-180 BC. Æ 18mm, 4.20g. Obv: Head of Apollo right, Countermark head of Athena facing down. Rev: OΛBIO, EI/B/A/EI/PI, Lyre. Ref: Nieczitajlo 470
Olbia. 180-150 BC. Æ Tetrachalk 17mm, 7.1g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO, BΣE below dolphin, eagle on dolphin left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 533
Olbia. 180-150 BC. Æ Tetrachalk 17mm, 4.55g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO, eagle on dolphin left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 539
Olbia. 180-150 BC. Æ Tetrachalk  18mm, 7.15g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Rev: OΛBIO, BΣE below dolphin, eagle on dolphin right. Ref: Nieczitajlo 540
Olbia. 180-150 BC. Æ Tetrachalk 20mm, 8.30g. Obv: Head of Demeter right. Countermark Head of Helios Rev: OΛBIO, BΣE eagle on dolphin left. Ref: Nieczitajlo 542
Olbia. 170-130 BC. Æ 13mm, 3.80g. Obv: Head of Demeter right.
Rev: OΛBIO, BΣE, Quiver and bow. Ref: Nieczitajlo 544
Olbia. 52-53 AD. Æ 18mm, 3.06g. Obv: Head of Zeus right, Rev: OΛBIO ΠOΛEITEΩN, Z, monogram, Eagle to the left Ref: Nieczitajlo 609
Olbia. 52-53 AD. Æ 18mm, 4.62g. Obv: Head of Zeus right, Countermark caduceus Rev: OΛBIO ΠOΛEITEΩN, Eagle left Ref: Nieczitajlo 608
Olbia. 72-75 AD. Æ 21mm, 4.16g. Obv: OΛBIOΠO ΛEI, Head of Apollo right, Countermarks caduceus, Δ Rev: IEP  ΘEOB, Eagle right, X monogram Ref: Nieczitajlo 642
Olbia. 72-75 AD. Æ 23mm, 4.51g. Obv: OΛBIOΠO ΛEI, Head of Apollo right, Countermarks caduceus, A, Δ Rev: IEP  ΘEOB, Eagle right, X monogram Ref: Nieczitajlo 643
Olbia. 75-80 AD. Æ 21mm, 6.53g. Obv: OΛBIO ΠOΛEI, Head of Apollo right, Countermark caduceus Rev: TΦCω ΠA, Eagle right, monogram. Ref: Nieczitajlo 657
Olbia. 170- 180 AD. Æ Assarion. 18mm, 2.70g. Obv: OΛBIOΠO, Head of Apollo right. Rev: ΔAΔOC CAT, Lyre. Ref: Anokhin 383, Nieczitajlo 704
Olbia. 100- 110 AD. Æ Tetrassarion 26mm, 14.21g. Obv: Worn, Countermark B Rev: Worn. Ref: Nieczitajlo 679
Tyra (under Romans). around 146 AD. Æ Trihemiassarion 18mm, 2.53g. Obv: BHPICCIMOKAICAP, bare head of Marcus Aurelius right. Rev: TY PA NΩN, Athena standing left, holding patera, shield and spear. Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.53, no.152, SNG Vol: XI 916
Tyra (under Romans). around 146 AD. Æ Assarion 16mm, 2.02g. Obv: AVTANTΩNЄINONCЄB, bare head of Antoninus Pius right. Rev: TYPA N ΩN, nude Heracles standing, holding club and lion skin. Ref: Nieczitajlo-Mihailov p.54, no.154, SNG Vol: XI 914 
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 13mm, 1.1g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel
Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 45
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ left-10mm, 0.71g; right-9mm, 0.80g Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 46
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 13mm, 1.21g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel
Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 48
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 12mm, 0.8g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel
Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 49
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 12mm, 1.1g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel
Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 50
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 13mm, 0.8g. Obv: IΣT Rev: Wheel
Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 58
Istros. 475-460 BC. Æ 13mm, 1.4g. Obv: Blank Rev: Wheel Ref: Nieczitajlo/Mihajlov (COAC) 59
Istros. 400-350 BC. AR Stater. 18mm, 5.09g. Obv: Two male head facing side by side, one inverted. Rev: IΣTPIH, sea eagle, dolphin, ΓA. Ref: Sear(GC) 1669
Istros. 350-300 BC. Æ 15mm, 1.70g. Obv: Helios radiate facing
Rev: IΣTPI, sea eagle wings opened on dolphin. Ref: SNG 194
Odessos. 200 BC. Æ 14mm, 3.41g. Obv: Laureate head  of Apollo right. Rev: OΔHΣITΩN, The Great god reclining, left, holding phiale and cornucopiae. Ref: Sear(GC) 1680 (original photo by AAH)
Odessos. After 200 BC. Æ 22mm, 6.93g. Obv: Laureate head  of the Great God right. Rev: EΛ, OΔHΣITΩN, horseman. Ref: Sear(GC) 1679
Olbia. 360-320 BC. Æ 12mm, 0.79g. Obv: Head of Apollo right
Rev: OΛBIO, dolphin left, seed and bow above. Ref: Nieczitajlo 225
monogram
monogram
Greece (Black Sea Region):
    North - East Black Sea:
      * Phanagoreia
        *  Gorgippia
    * Crimea\Taurica:
         *  Chersonesos
             *  Theodosia
* Kolchis: Dioskourias
  * Sarmatians (or Goths of Crimea)
North - West Black Sea:
North - East Black Sea:
Phanagoreia:
Gorgippia:
Crimea / Taurica:
Theodosia:
Chersonesos:
Kolchis (Dioskourias):
Sarmatians (or Goths of Crimea):
Phanagoreia. 400 BC AR Diobol 11mm, 1.56g. Obv: Head of young Kabeiros in a conical cap left Rev: ΦA bull left, grain to the right Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 78
Phanagoreia (?). ?? BC Æ 10mm, 1.01g. Obv: Head of Hera or Tyche in crown right Rev: ΦA(?) below, bow and arrow above. Ref: Unlisted type(?)
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ 12mm, 1.30g. Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath  right Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 147 (variant #1- Satyr's head with big beard & arrow on reverse, right)
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ 11mm, 2.10g. Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath right. Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 86') 147(variant #2 - Satyr's head with small beard & arrow on reverse, right)
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC  Æ left-12mm,1.69g right- 14mm, 2.50g Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath right Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 86') 147 (variant #2 - Satyr's head with small beard & arrow on reverse, right)
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ left-11mm,1.90g; right-12mm,1.80g Obv: Head of Satyr in ivy wreath right. Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Struck on Pantikap. Apollo/Bow Case (Anoknin 169) Ref: Anokhin (Bospor. 1986)147 variant #2
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ 13mm, 2.00g Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath right. Struck on Pantikapaion Apollo/Bow Case (Anoknin Bosporus 1986 - #169) Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow left Ref: (variant #3 - arrow to the left) Unlisted variant
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ 14mm,1.90g Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath left Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow right. Ref: (variant #4 - Satyr's head with small beard left) Unlisted variant
Phanagoreia. 140-108 BC Æ left-13mm,2.84g ; right-13mm,2.30g Obv: Head of bearded Satyr in ivy wreath right Rev: ΦA, bow and arrow (end in a form of caduceus) right. Ref:(variant #5 - Satyr's head with big beard & arrow end in the form of caduceus) Unlisted variant
Phanagoreia. 130-125 BC Æ 11mm, 2.00g. Obv: Head of Dionysus right. Rev: ΦA, branch of grapes. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 177
Phanagoreia. 109-100 BC (7-th series). Æ left-23mm, 6.41g; right-23mm, 6.89g Obv: Head of Arthemis right, hair tied in bunch behind. Rev: ΦANAΓOPITΩN, stag seated. Ref: Sear (GC) 3616, Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 194
Phanagoreia. 105-90 century BC AR Drachm 16mm, 3.10g. Obv: Laureate bust of Apollo right. Rev: ΦANAΓOPITΩN, Thyrsos Ref: MacDonald 173
Phanagoreia (as Agrippia). 37-38 AD. Æ 8 Units 21mm, 4.2g. Obv: Bust of Aphrodite Apatura right, draped, wearing head weil. Rev: AΓPIΠΠEΩN, H, prow left. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 323
Gorgippia. 2nd - 1st Century BC(?). Æ 12mm 1.77g. Obv: Head of young Herakles in a lion-skin headdress, right. Rev: ΓΟΡΓΙΩΝ bow in a case, club, tripod below bowcase. Ref: Unlisted type
Gorgippia. 90-80 BC. Æ 29mm, 15.3g Obv: Bust of Menes draped in Phrygian cap with stars and crescent at bow and laurel wreath, right. Rev: ΓΟΡΓΙΠΠEΩΝ Dionysos standing left, holding bunch of grapesand thyrsus, panther atits legs, monogram Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 210
Theodosia. 400-380 BC. Æ 10mm, 0.4g. Obv: Head of bull to the right  Rev: 6 rays Star. Ref: Stanislawski (Ancient Coins of the North Coast of the Black Sea) 670
Theodosia. 400-380 BC. Æ 9mm, 0.89g. Obv: Head of bull 3/4 to the right Rev: ΘΕΟΔΕΩ, 6 rays Star. Ref: Unlisted type
Theodosia. 240-220 BC (5-th series). Æ 18mm, 3.53g. Obv: Head of Athena right wearing created Corynthian helmet Rev: ΘEΥ, bow in case with quiver, club. Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 137
Chersonesos. 100 -75 BC. Æ 17mm, 3.26g. Obv: Head of Apollo right.
Rev: XEP, grazing stag, monogram Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 194
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 19mm, 2.14g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, rosette ending with dots at the back and zigzag at the front Rev: X low left field, O right upper field, warrior standing left, holding a spear, head with two dots as eyes with crescent to the left, crescents on the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 193 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 17mm,1.80g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing left, row of three dots below and crescents Rev: O O lower field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, crescents on the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 436 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 16mm,1.20g Obv: Something that resembles barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right inside Rosette Rev: O O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right holding a spear, dots and crescents on the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - warrior right, dots on reverse - similar to Kleshchinov 474 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Dioskourias. 1-st century BC. Æ 16mm, 3.77g. Obv: Two caps of the Dioskouroi surmounted by stars. Rev: ΔI-OΣ KOY-PIA Δ-OΣ, thyrsos. Ref: Sear 3629, SNG BM Black Sea 1021
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 18mm, 1.60g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman Emperor with beard facing left within zigzag, dots on the edge Rev: X X upper field, X X lower field, warrior standing left, holding a spear, crescents on the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog - head to the left, crescents on reverse - similar to Kleshchinov 240 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm, 2.14g Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right inside rosette ending with dots Rev: O O lower field on both sides of warrior standing left holding a spear, crescents and dots on the edge Ref: Kleshchinov 397 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit. 18mm, 1.92g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, rosette and zigzag at the front and bottom of the face Rev: O O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents on the edge. Ref: Kleshchinov 142 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit. 18mm, 2.61g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, rosette with few crescents above the head (barely visible) and not well defined zigzag at the front of the face Rev: O O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents on the edge. Ref: Unlisted variant Æ Unit - Kleshchinov 139 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm,1.48g Obv: Cross in a circle, horizontal arm ending with dots, two dots below, Rosette ending with dots around Rev: O in lower field on left side of warrior with bent legs right holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents on the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 494 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 175-200 AD (2-nd series). AR Unit. 17mm, 1.06g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, hair in form of crescents, head not laureate, two rows of crescents on the edge with lines between them Rev: Warrior standing left, holding a spear, zig-zag in front and above warrior, short lines on the edge Ref: Not listed in Kleshchinov catalog (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit. 19mm, 1.64g. Obv: Barbarized head of Roman emperor with beard facing right, rosette ending with dots, zigzag at the front of the face and below Rev: O low left field X right upper field, warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents on the edge. Ref: Not listed in the catalog - Æ Unit - similar to Kleshchinov 115 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 300-350 AD (5-th series). Æ Unit 19mm, 2.04g Obv: Cross at the center, arms ending with dots, dots below and above arms, Rosette ending with dots around - broken with dots right, left, below and above Rev: O O in lower field, warrior standing left holding a spear, crescents on the edge half to the right, half to the left Ref: Kleshchinov 486 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). AR Unit 18mm, 2.45g Obv: Elements of barbarized head of Roman emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, lines behind hair, dots in the lower r. corner (forming beard and nose?), bigger crescent upper r. with dots in front, zig-zag above head Rev: O O lower field on both sides of warrior facing, legs bent, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents on the edge Ref: Unlisted variant AR Unit - Kleshchinov 342 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)
Sarmatians (or Goths in Crimea). 240-300 AD (4-th series). Æ Unit. 18mm, 2.43g. Obv: Elements of barbarized head of Roman Emperor facing right, hair in form of crescents, crescents below head, lines behind, crescent in upper r. and lower r. corner with dots in the middle Rev: O O lower field on both sides of warrior standing right, holding a spear, head with one crescent on each side, crescents on the edge Ref: Not listed in the catalog - similar to Kleshchinov 338 (according to Kleshchinov these coins were Sarmatian imitations of Roman Denarii)